Electronic projects


you are here: home page :: projects :: Tools & measurement :: testing equipment :: Beeper to find short circuits

Beeper to find short circuits

Circuit diagram

This circuit uses two 741s or equivalent op amp to form a beeper that is used to detect short circuits. This design offers a way to trace resistance in the milliohm range, right to a short between bridged traces beneath a solder mask. A1 is configured as a multivibrator. R1 and C1 determine the frequency of oscillation and Q1 and Q2 boost the output. Assuming a virtual ground at the output of A2, free-run frequency is about 1kHz. Q1 and Q2 deliver a +/-10v squarewave to R4, dumping a +/-100mA through a short circuit placed across the probe tips. R5 ensures that the open circuit voltage never exceeds +/-0.1v. A2 monitors the voltage between the probes. When the probes are open, A2's gain equals the R4/R5 divider loss, and the output of both amplifiers is identical. This has two effects: First, hysteresis is greatly increased and frequency falls to a low growl, and secondly, the loudspeaker that bridges the two in-phase outputs is effectively silenced. A dead short across the probe tips will return nothing to A2 and the circuit will squeal at its nominal 1kHz rate. Anything less than a perfect short produces some output from A2, increasing multivibrator hysteresis and lowering the pitch.

author: "Electronics Design" Magazine, Mar, 20, 95
e-mail:
web site: http://www.electronics-lab.com
project categories:
folder Audio (49)
folder Power & high voltage (43)
folder Radio (23)
folder Light & LED (31)
folder Tools & measurement (40)
folder Telephone (18)
folder Automotive (10)
folder Microcontrollers (12)
folder Sensors & control (47)
folder Timers & oscillators (40)
folder Miscellaneous (26)

StumbleUpon button

Share this page
Bookmark and Share
project subcategories:
All subcategories
testing equipment
measuring devices
other tools

similar projects:
Connection Tester
Continuity Tester
Crystal Tester
IR Remote Control Tester
IR Remote Control Tester
Latching Continuity Tester
Live-line Detector
Logic Probe
Mosfet TESTER
Multi Wire Cable Tester

recently added projects:
Doorbell for the Deaf
High Quality Intercom
Combinational Conjuring Trick
POT-PLANT POWER
Ultrasonic Dog Whistle
Quiz Circuit
LED Torch
Insect Repellant
Speaker Microphone Circuit
Magic Wand Conjuring Trick.

most popular projects:
Led display digital Voltmeter
500W low cost 12V to 220V inverter
Low pass filter - Subwoofer
Metal Detector
High And Low Voltage Cut Off With Time Delay
Basic UPS Power Supply
2N3055 Power Amplifier
200W audio amplifier
LED Torch
100W RMS Amplifier


DIY Electronics Projects

Promote Your Page Too